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verb to be in English am is are

 



Present tense am - is -are in the English language

Our topic today is about the present tense verb to be in the English language

Welcome to our followers today We will talk about the present tense am - is -are and its various uses.

our lesson focuses on the simple present of the verb to be and affirmative ,negative and interrogative rules.

What is verb to be?

Verb to beis one of the most famous auxiliary verbs in the English

The present tense verb v to be is used in:

1- General description of people such as name - age - place - appearance

 

2- Describe the people's feelings

 

3- Giving basic information and data

 

Formation of the present tense verb to be in the English language

The basic form of verb to be in the present tense is am-is-are.

 

Am comes with the pronoun I in the English language as follows:

 

I am

 

It can be abbreviated as follows

 

I’m

 

Examples

 

Names:

I’m ahmad - I’m sara - I’m heba -

I'm Ahmed - I'm Sarah - I'm Heba

 

For jobs

 

I am a doctor - I’m a doctor

 

For age or age

 

I’m 35 years old

 

Description with different adjectives

 

I’m happy - I’m busy - I’m late - I’m hungry - I’m thirsty

 

I'm happy - I'm busy - I'm running late - I'm hungry - I'm thirsty

 

To describe the place it is currently located

 

I’m at work- I’m at home - I’m at the cinema - I’m at the club

 

I'm at work - I'm at home - I'm at the cinema - I'm in the club

 

Negative form:

 

Not is used after I’m

Example

I’m not ahmad - I’m not sara

 

I’m not a doctor - I’m not an engineer

 

I’m not happy - I’m not busy

 

I’m not at home - I’m not at work

 

For the question

 

(Are you?) is used instead of (am I) at the beginning of the question because the speaker asks the person in front of him.

 

Example

 

I’m a doctor.

 

Are you a doctor?

 

I’m at home.

 

Are you at home?

 

I’m busy.

 

Are you busy?

 

To answer, we use: yes, I’m - no, I’m not

 

Are you a doctor?

 

Yes, I’m

 

Are you a teacher?

 

No, I’m not

 

The Use of is

Is used with he - she - it

 

Example

 

He is a doctor - he is a teacher

 

He is busy - he is old - he sis young

 

He is at home - he is at work

 

In negation, we put not after is

 

Example

 

He is not a doctor - he is not a teacher

 

He is not busy - he is not young

 

He is not at work - he is not at home

 

And for the question we use

 

Is he a teacher? - is he a doctor?

 

Is he busy? - is he young?

 

Is he at home? - is he at work?

 

And to respond we use

 

Yes he is - no he isn’t

 

 

Examples

 

she is a doctor - she is a teacher

 

she is busy - she is old - she sis young

 

she is at home - she is at work

 

In negation, we put not after is

 

Example

 

she is not a doctor - she is not a teacher

 

She is not busy - she is not young

 

she is not at work - she is not at home

 

 

 

And for the question we use is at the beginning

 

Is she a teacher? - is she a doctor?

 

Is she busy? - is she young?

 

Is she at home? - is she at work?

 

And to respond we use yes or no

 

Yes she is - no she isn’t

 

It is used  with inanimate objects, animals, plants, and everything except for humans

 

It is a car- it is a cat - it is Monday today.

 

It is sunny - it is cold - it is hot - it is heavy

 

 

 

Using Are with we - you - they

 

We are students - we are Egyptians - we are doctors

 

We are happy - we are in London - We are engineers

 

We are at home -we are at work - we are at the cinema

 

In negation, we put not after are

 

Example

 

We are not students - we are not Egyptians

 

We are not happy - we are not in London.

 

To the question, we begin with Are with converting We to you, because the question is directed to you or you

 

Example

 

Are you students?

 

Are you students?

 

Yes we are students

 

Yes, we are students.

 

Are you Egyptians?

 

Are you Egyptians?

 

Yes we are Egyptians

 

Yes, we are Egyptians.

 

 

 

Use are with you

 

We note that you can mean you or you, it has a singular and it has a plural

 

You are a student

 

you are a student

 

You are students

 

You are students

 

In the second example, we combined the word students by adding the s and deleted the a, which is a tool that only comes with the singular noun

 

And for the negation

 

You are not a student - you are not sudents

 

And for the question

 

Are you a sudent? - Are you students?

 

And to the answer

 

Yes, I'm a student

 

Yes we are students

 

Use are with they

 

 We notice that they mean they or these and are used for the rational and irrational plural

 

They are students - they are books

 

They are in London - they are my pens

 

For negation, we use not after are

 

They are not sudents - they are not books

 

They are not in London - they are not my pens

 

In the question, we use are, then they

 

Are they students? - are they books?

 

And to the answer

 

Yes they are - no they aren’t

 

Our esteemed followers one thing remains for the last point of our lesson today.

It is to watch the explanation video for the rule below and follow our YouTube channel and our Facebook page for more English language lessons.

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Ahmad Elhendawy
Ahmad Elhendawy
احمد الهنداوي مدرس لغة انجليزية ومحاضر كورسات اللغة الانجليزية. اعمل في مجال التدريس منذ 16 عاما واعمل مدون وكاتب في مواقع تدريس اللغة الانجليزية

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