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verb to be in English am is are


Present tense am - is -are in the English language

Our topic today is about the present tense verb to be in the English language

Welcome to our followers today We will talk about the present tense am - is -are and its various uses.

our lesson focuses on the simple present of the verb to be and affirmative ,negative and interrogative rules.

What is verb to be?

Verb to beis one of the most famous auxiliary verbs in the English

The present tense verb v to be is used in:

1- General description of people such as name - age - place - appearance


2- Describe the people's feelings


3- Giving basic information and data


Formation of the present tense verb to be in the English language

The basic form of verb to be in the present tense is am-is-are.


Am comes with the pronoun I in the English language as follows:


I am


It can be abbreviated as follows







I’m ahmad - I’m sara - I’m heba -

I'm Ahmed - I'm Sarah - I'm Heba


For jobs


I am a doctor - I’m a doctor


For age or age


I’m 35 years old


Description with different adjectives


I’m happy - I’m busy - I’m late - I’m hungry - I’m thirsty


I'm happy - I'm busy - I'm running late - I'm hungry - I'm thirsty


To describe the place it is currently located


I’m at work- I’m at home - I’m at the cinema - I’m at the club


I'm at work - I'm at home - I'm at the cinema - I'm in the club


Negative form:


Not is used after I’m


I’m not ahmad - I’m not sara


I’m not a doctor - I’m not an engineer


I’m not happy - I’m not busy


I’m not at home - I’m not at work


For the question


(Are you?) is used instead of (am I) at the beginning of the question because the speaker asks the person in front of him.




I’m a doctor.


Are you a doctor?


I’m at home.


Are you at home?


I’m busy.


Are you busy?


To answer, we use: yes, I’m - no, I’m not


Are you a doctor?


Yes, I’m


Are you a teacher?


No, I’m not


The Use of is

Is used with he - she - it




He is a doctor - he is a teacher


He is busy - he is old - he sis young


He is at home - he is at work


In negation, we put not after is




He is not a doctor - he is not a teacher


He is not busy - he is not young


He is not at work - he is not at home


And for the question we use


Is he a teacher? - is he a doctor?


Is he busy? - is he young?


Is he at home? - is he at work?


And to respond we use


Yes he is - no he isn’t





she is a doctor - she is a teacher


she is busy - she is old - she sis young


she is at home - she is at work


In negation, we put not after is




she is not a doctor - she is not a teacher


She is not busy - she is not young


she is not at work - she is not at home




And for the question we use is at the beginning


Is she a teacher? - is she a doctor?


Is she busy? - is she young?


Is she at home? - is she at work?


And to respond we use yes or no


Yes she is - no she isn’t


It is used  with inanimate objects, animals, plants, and everything except for humans


It is a car- it is a cat - it is Monday today.


It is sunny - it is cold - it is hot - it is heavy




Using Are with we - you - they


We are students - we are Egyptians - we are doctors


We are happy - we are in London - We are engineers


We are at home -we are at work - we are at the cinema


In negation, we put not after are




We are not students - we are not Egyptians


We are not happy - we are not in London.


To the question, we begin with Are with converting We to you, because the question is directed to you or you




Are you students?


Are you students?


Yes we are students


Yes, we are students.


Are you Egyptians?


Are you Egyptians?


Yes we are Egyptians


Yes, we are Egyptians.




Use are with you


We note that you can mean you or you, it has a singular and it has a plural


You are a student


you are a student


You are students


You are students


In the second example, we combined the word students by adding the s and deleted the a, which is a tool that only comes with the singular noun


And for the negation


You are not a student - you are not sudents


And for the question


Are you a sudent? - Are you students?


And to the answer


Yes, I'm a student


Yes we are students


Use are with they


 We notice that they mean they or these and are used for the rational and irrational plural


They are students - they are books


They are in London - they are my pens


For negation, we use not after are


They are not sudents - they are not books


They are not in London - they are not my pens


In the question, we use are, then they


Are they students? - are they books?


And to the answer


Yes they are - no they aren’t


Our esteemed followers one thing remains for the last point of our lesson today.

It is to watch the explanation video for the rule below and follow our YouTube channel and our Facebook page for more English language lessons.

Ahmad Elhendawy
Ahmad Elhendawy
احمد الهنداوي مدرس لغة انجليزية ومحاضر كورسات اللغة الانجليزية. اعمل في مجال التدريس منذ 16 عاما واعمل مدون وكاتب في مواقع تدريس اللغة الانجليزية